Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane Properties, Molecular Formula, Applications - WorldOfChemicals

Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane Properties


Molecule Structure Image



Tris(hydroxymethyl)aminomethane is extensively used in biochemistry and molecular biology as a component of buffer solutions, such as in TAE and TBE buffer, especially for solutions of nucleic acids. It contains a primary amine and thus undergoes the reactions associated with typical amines. It is also used as a primary standard to standardize acid solutions for chemical analysis.

Chemical Properties

Appearance White Crystalline Powder
Boiling Point 219-220 °C
CAS Number 77-86-1
ChEBI 9754
Chemical Composition Methanol;Potassium carbonate;Palladium;Paraformaldehyde;Nitromethane;Tris(hydroxymethyl)nitromethane
Density 1.353 g/cm3
EINECS Number 201-064-4
HS Code 29221980
IUPAC Name 2-amino-2-(hydroxymethyl)propane-1,3-diol
InChI 1S/C4H11NO3/c5-4(1-6,2-7)3-8/h6-8H,1-3,5H2
Melting Point 167-172 °C
Molar Mass 121.14 g/mol
Molecular Formula C4H11NO3
RTECS Number TY2900000
Refractive 1.544 n/D
Solubility Souble
Synonyms 1,3-Propanediol, 2-Amino-2-(Hydroxymethyl)-; 2-Amino-2-(Hydroxymethyl)Propan-1,3-Diol;Tris;Tris Base;Tris Buffer;Tromethamine;Trometamol;Tromethane;Tham;Trisaminol