Snake Venom Harmless Drink

Hisssss…. Snakes’ venom chemistry

9:12 AM, 25th April 2013
News on Snake Venom
Snake venoms are highly complex chemical mixtures that contain many proteins, particularly enzymes, and strongly basic polypeptides.

 

SINGAPORE: Snake venoms are highly complex chemical mixtures that contain many proteins, particularly enzymes, and strongly basic polypeptides. The venom is the result of evolution or the saliva. Through minute mutations and changes, normal saliva has changed to the myriad of harmful enzymes, toxins, non-peptide organic substituents, small peptides, and inorganic and metal ions found in the venom of today’s snakes.

In general, venom is a simple to complex secretion produced in a specialized gland that is typically delivered via specialized envenomation systems, including a secretory gland, specialized teeth, and a suite of specific behaviors allowing venom delivery. Venoms contain proteins, lipids, steroids, aminopolysaccharides, amines, quinines, neurotransmitters, and other compounds, and are capable of causing many effects.

Snake venom affects the human body in a number of ways, depending on the snake, the type of venom, how much venom is released and the geographical location. Elapid venom is the least complex, while pit vipers have the most complex venoms.

Snakes venoms are often characterized as neurotoxic (those that produce paralysis and death by respiratory shock; associated with elapids) or hemotoxic (those that have hemorrhagic effects; associated with vipers), many venoms show evidence of both types of effects.

The hemotoxic venom acts to lower blood pressure and encourage blood clotting. The venom may also attack the heart muscle with the goal of causing death. Neurotoxic venom works to disrupt the function of the brain and nervous system. Classically, such snake venom causes paralysis or lack of muscle control, but it can also disrupt the individual signals sent between neurons and muscles. Such venoms can also attack the body's supply of ATP, a nucleotide which is critical in energy transfer between cells.

The snake venom is harmless to drink as long as there are no lacerations inside the mouth or digestive tract, but they are poisonous when come in contact with blood directly.

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