IIT Bombay develops indigenous biodegradable bone screw

IIT Bombay develops indigenous biodegradable bone screw

12:19 PM, 17th July 2019
IIT Bombay develops indigenous biodegradable bone screw

MUMBAI, INDIA: Researchers from the Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT-B) have developed a biodegradable screw which can be fixed (implanted) in case of bone or tissue damage.

The indigenous screw has been invented by the Chemical Engineering Department. According to the researchers, this screw will reduce the threat of developing infection post-surgery, Dailyhunt reported.

The researchers are currently in the process of seeking approval from the government. Severe bone injuries which are caused due to accidents or spinal cord damage which occur due to a major mishap require immediate surgery.

In this case, doctors use metal implants to join the two bones or the tissues which have been damaged during the accident. But, now researchers from IIT Bombay have invented the 'Desi technology' which is cheaper and biodegradable.

While speaking to My Medical Mantra Dr Jayesh Bellare, a professor attached to chemical engineering department said, 'In case of a severe accident, patients suffer fracture on the hands and legs. In this case, the doctor fixes the bone with the help of metal implants. We have developed a biodegradable screw which can be used to fix the bones. If we use this, there is no need to remove the implant in future.'

After four years of ceaseless research, the IIT-B scientists have developed the screw. According to people who were closely part of the research, this screw will reduce the threat of developing infection post-surgery. Currently, in India, the screws which are imported are expensive in nature, Dailyhunt said.

'Our aim is to give this affordable bio-degradable screw to the government and civic-run hospitals. In order to seek permission from the government of India we have written a letter to Drug Controller General of India,' added Dr Bellare.

Researchers say commonly used implants can impede bone growth in children. And biodegradable screws will not hamper the bone growth in the children.

Rohit Shrivastav, a researcher from IIT-B's Bio-science and BioEngineering department, who is associated with the research said, 'The screws which are imported in India are very expensive. Poor and needy patients can't afford the expense of the surgery. Poor people will benefit from the affordable and biodegradable screws in future.'

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