IIT team's solar powered system convert plastic into fuel

IIT team's solar powered system can convert plastic into fuel

6:52 AM, 28th June 2018
IIT team's solar powered system can convert plastic into fuel
The theme of this year's World Environment Day was Beat Plastic Pollution. (File photo)

NEW DELHI, INDIA: Scientists from IIT Madras have developed a solar powered system to convert non-recyclable plastic into fuel that can substitute diesel used in generators, furnaces and engines.

The technology - which consists of a mobile unit that can collect and process waste - currently yields around 0.7 liters of fuel oil per kilo gram of plastic, researchers said.

"India produces approximately 15,000 tonnes of plastic waste in a day. Centralized systems for plastic waste management cannot work to effectively deal with this much plastic waste on a daily basis, said Ramya Selvaraj, a research student at the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras in Tamil Nadu.

"We thought that if the plastic can't come to the industry, let the industry come to the plastic," Selvaraj said.

The team showcased its project on the occasion of the World Environment Day, hosted by the United Nations (UN) in New Delhi.

The theme of this year’s World Environment Day was "Beat Plastic Pollution".

The conversion of plastic to fuel involves a process called pyrolysis - a thermochemical treatment that exposes the material to high temperature in the absence of oxygen, leading it to go through physical and chemical changes.

This creates a low-density fuel oil by breaking down the polymer chain of plastic at the temperature of 350- 500 degrees Celsius. This oil can be used as a substitute for diesel to power generators, furnaces and engines.

"Our major proposition was instead of taking technology to waste, taking all the waste to a decentralized technology which is a very complex model in solid waste management, said Aravind E S, a research student at IIT Madras.

"We found that the current plastic waste management systems were not working because of the logistics involved; there were cost and space requirements that could not be met," Selvaraj added.

The team was led by Divya Priya, assisted by technical guide Professor Indumathi Nambi of IIT Madras, and industrial mentor Sriram Narasimhan of Samridhi Foundation, a Chennai based NGO.

They won the Zero Carbon Challenge-2018, pioneered by IIT Madras, bagging an initial funding of five lakhs for the development of the prototype, and another 10 lakhs for incubating the idea.

"We have approached the government and municipal corporations in multiple cities in Tamil Nadu to put up the small recovery units at the material faculty in all the wards for waste collection and management. This can reduce costs involved in transportation, dumping sites and increase the efficiency with which the waste is dealt," Selvaraj added.

© PTI

0 Comments

Login

Your Comments (Up to 2000 characters)
Please respect our community and the integrity of its participants. WOC reserves the right to moderate and approve your comment.

Related News


BP to acquire UK’s largest electric vehicle charging company

LONDON, UK: BP plc said that it has entered into an agreement to purchase Chargemaster, the UK’s largest electric vehicle (EV) charging company. ...

Read more
BASF increases prices for bismuth vanadate pigments globally

LUDWIGSHAFEN, GERMANY: BASF said that it will increase prices for bismuth vanadate pigments and preparations based on this chemistry by up to 15 perce ...

Read more
ExxonMobil announces progress on methane emissions reduction program

WASHINGTON, US: ExxonMobil subsidiary XTO Energy Inc has reduced methane emissions from its operations by 9 percent since 2016, demonstrating sig ...

Read more
KBR bags PMC services contract for Oman LNG’s power plant project

HOUSTON, US: KBR Inc (KBR) has been awarded a project management consultancy (PMC) services contract by Oman Liquefied Natural Gas LLC (Oman LNG). For ...

Read more
New contact angle meters for automatic analysis

Kyowa Interface, Japan have introduced their new series of contact angle meters-DMe-210 & 211Plus. These are economical, yet fully-featured system ...

Read more
Scanning electron microscope combines performance and versatility

Thermo Scientific’s new scanning electron microscope (SEM) offers a full range of imaging and analytical options for more complex investigations ...

Read more