New high-entropy metal alloy with higher strength-to-weight ratio

New “high-entropy” metal alloy with higher strength-to-weight ratio

11:32 AM, 12th December 2014
New high-entropy metal alloy with higher strength-to-weight ratio
Dr Carl Koch, Kobe Steel Distinguished Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, North Carolina State University.

NORTH CAROLINA, US: Researchers from North Carolina State University and Qatar University have developed a new “high-entropy” metal alloy that has a higher strength-to-weight ratio than any other existing metal material. High-entropy alloys are materials that consist of five or more metals in approximately equal amounts. These alloys are currently the focus of significant attention in materials science and engineering because they can have desirable properties. The NC State research team combined lithium, magnesium, titanium, aluminum and scandium to make a nanocrystalline high-entropy alloy that has low density, but very high strength.

“The density is comparable to aluminum, but it is stronger than titanium alloys. It has a combination of high strength and low density that is, as far as we can tell, unmatched by any other metallic material. The strength-to-weight ratio is comparable to some ceramics, but we think it’s tougher – less brittle – than ceramics,” said Dr Carl Koch, Kobe Steel Distinguished Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, NC State and senior author of a paper on the work.

There are a wide range of uses for strong, lightweight materials, such as in vehicles or prosthetic devices. “We still have a lot of research to do to fully characterize this material and explore the best processing methods for it. One thing we’ll be looking at is whether scandium can be replaced or eliminated from the alloy,” said Koch.

At this point, the primary problem with the alloy is that it is made of 20 per cent scandium, which is extremely expensive.


© North Carolina State University News



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