Twente University scientists develops new membrane with adjustable pore size

New membrane with adjustable pore size

11:19 AM, 3rd November 2014
Twente University  scientists develops new membrane with adjustable pore size
A new membrane, developed by University of Twente scientists, can be made more or less porous ‘on demand.’

ENSCHEDE, THE NETHERLANDS: A new membrane, developed by University of Twente scientists, can be made more or less porous ‘on demand.’ In this way, smart switching between ‘open’ and ‘closed’ is possible, which opens the way to innovative applications in biosensors, chemical analysis and catalysis. The researchers of the MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology present their results in ‘Angewandte Chemie.

The pore size of the smart membranes can be adjusted from the outside: this is very attractive in applications like biosensors or chemical analysis. The ‘Swiss cheese’ structure is characteristic of many polymer membranes and is now modified by introducing iron within the polymer. Using an electric signal or a chemical reaction, the pore size can be adjusted. The key to this is the controlled adding or extracting of electrons to and from iron.

Due to the adjustable pore size, the permeability and selectivity of the membrane can be tuned, for separation purposes or controlled release. The UT scientists see possibilities in analysis and separation of proteins, for example. An extra advantage of the new membranes is the change in colour that takes place. The process of protein detection and analysis becomes visible in an easy way, which may lead to a cheap type of biosensor.

Another application of the smart membrane is in catalysis. Whilst the pore size and permeability can be altered using a chemical reaction with silver salt, nanosize particles of silver are deposited on the membrane at the same time. Silver is an important catalyst in many applications.

 

© University of Twente News

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