North America chemical tanker shipping market worth $339 bn by 2027- Report

North America chemical shipping market worth $339 bn by 2027- Report

8:59 AM, 21st August 2017
North America chemical tanker shipping market worth $339 bn by 2027- Report
The shipping industry is expected to be driven by innovation, capital, and operational efficiency. (File photo)

Industry insights

North America chemical tanker shipping market size was valued at $259.2 billion in 2016 and is expected to reach $339.5 billion by 2027, according to a new report by Grand View Research Inc.

The increase in North American chemical export coupled with rising demand for plastic feedstock is projected to spur the growth during the forecast period. The decrease in crude oil prices is allowing ship owners to operate on a better profit margin as bunkering cost is low.

Due to the low energy costs prevailing, there is a trend of increasing the capacity size and production size in North American petrochemical refineries. A shift towards shale gas/oil refining in the current low-priced energy market is further favouring the increase in the waterborne transport services in the North American region.

US chemical tanker shipping market by shipment route, 2014 - 2027 ($ billion)

The growing trade of ethylene, methanol, and paraxylene from Canada, Mexico, Belgium, and China is anticipated to boost North American shipments industry. A significant demand for crude & vegetable oils and necessary chemicals from US and Mexico are some of the other factors influencing the global waterborne shipping business.

However, owing to high dollar exchange rates and chances of renegotiation of the NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) can pose a threat to sell dynamics of this region. As of 2017, the spot prices are estimated to be trending low due to stockpiling of chemicals which are hurting the freight charges of the marine transportation market. Speculations of an oversupply of tankers in this region are further promoting lower transportation costs resulting in weak growth of in this sector.

A significant amount of chemical and crude oil exports occurs from Canada and Mexico. 8 percent of Canada’s manufacturing industry comes from the chemical sector. In 2015, the country’s chemical exports were estimated at $ 36.27 billion and Mexico’s $10.47 billion. Owing to NAFTA, US, Canada, and Mexico are contracted to have free trade with each other. As a result, a significant amount of trading occurs between the three nations.

The shipping industry is expected to be driven by innovation, capital, and operational efficiency. Innovative technological solutions such as coatings with enhanced cargo resistance and zero absorption properties are anticipated to optimize the ship’s earning potential. Tanker coating plays a key role in shipping of chemicals on account of its dangerous nature and different properties.

Fleet operators are developing vessels with suitable coatings to avoid any damage to vessels resulting from major accidents. Also, appropriate surface type helps in maintaining average age of the ships. Apart from the coating, the ships are now equipped with independent deck tanks for transportation of hazardous goods.

Shipment route insights

Inland vessels are projected to witness a surge in demand in the Great Lakes region. The Great Lakes System is one of vital importance to the US and Canadian trade. This industry creates business revenue of more than $35 billion annually. The Great Lakes System provides transportation cost saving of up to $3.6 billion annually, as compared to other transport modes. This helps the North American manufacturers to sell their commodities at marginally lower and competitive prices.

The Great Lakes system accounts for approximately 80 percent of the US - Canada trade. The top ten Great Lakes ports by tonnage of cargo include Duluth, MN-Superior, Chicago, Indiana Harbor, Two Harbors, Detroit, Toledo, Cleveland, Gary, Presque Isle and St. Clair.

Coastal trading in North America is expected to show continued growth as there is a rise in shipments from Mexico to nations in South America. Mexico has an existing free trade agreement with many countries in South America expect Brazil. Mexico is an export hub for base chemicals and crude & vegetable oils required in various end-use industries.

Cargo type insights

International Maritime Organization has classified the cargo vessels into IMO I, IMO II and IMO III on the basis hazardous properties of products being transported. IMO I vessels are mainly specialized for carrying volatile substances. With the advancement in technology, IMO I tanker market volume is likely to increase on account of new innovative solution for carriage of such substances.

IMO II vessels are mainly used for carrying bulk chemicals including vegetable/animal oils & fats. Increasing consumption of bio-based products is anticipated to increase IMO II vessels market volume. IMO III vessels are used for transporting liquid compounds which can pose a serious threat to the environment.

IMO III ships are expected to experience a rise in production owing to a surge in demand for crude oil from the US and Canada. The number of contracts for IMO III ships is projected to increase as traders are using the ships to store unrefined petroleum, to sell it at a higher price in the future.

Regional insights

In terms of volume, the US is expected to be the fastest-growing region in North America, owing to the increase in petrochemical refining and production resuming in shale oil sites. With China’s economic slowdown, US is now the largest supplier of plastic feedstock to the world, and a significant amount of ethylene is exported from the region.

Canada is one of the biggest oil producers and exporters in the world. Oil sand projects are increasing in size as companies such as Sinopec and Mocal Energy have increased their investments in Canada.  Global fuel exports from the country were valued at $ 77.51 billion in 2015. In 2015, the country produced crude oil on an average of 621,610 cubic meters per day. The US accounted for approximately 35 percent of the export share in 2015.

According to the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI), the chemical industry accounted for 2.6 percent of Mexico’s GDP and 14.5 percent of the manufacturing GDP in 2012. Mexico’s geographic location enables the growth of its economy through trade. With coastal access to both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, goods from Mexico can easily reach markets in the European and the Asia-Pacific region hence favouring the industry growth.

Competitive insights

Companies operating in the North America chemical tanker shipping market are willing to invest huge amounts in adding the fleet of different sizes and types. Collaborations are also expected to act as one of the key initiatives used by companies also engaged of new vessels.

In December 2016, Stolt-Nielsen acquired the chemical tanker division of Jo Tankers, comprising of 13 tankers worth $ 575 million This market is driven by freight rate wars and ownership of different vessel sizes as small sized boats are not equipped to carry hazardous compounds of different weight.

In April 2017, Odfjell SE signed an agreement for two tankers having stainless steel tanks, with Hudong-Zhonghua Shipbuilding (Group) CO LTD. in China. Some of the other companies involved in the industry include Alaska Tanker Company, Algoma Central Corporation, Rigel Shipping Canada, The CSL Group Inc, Canfornav Inc, Stolt-Nielsen, and Odfjell SE among others.

© Chemical Today News 



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